Lump in Abdomen Left Side

A lump in abdomen regardless of the side it is on is always quite alarming. It can trigger thoughts of cancer or any other serious medical conditions that are characterized by lumps. However, there are many possible causes of less serious nature that can result in lumps in the abdomen. Below are some of the main causes of lump in abdomen left side.

Abdominal Hernia

Hernia occurs when an internal organ protrudes through the muscle walls from the area where it is contained. Hernia is usually asymptomatic. However, one symptom that is apparent with hernia is the bulge of the protruding organ part. Hernia is risky, as some times, the blood vessels can become strangulated, leading to cell damage. Such a situation requires immediate medical attention. The most common type of hernia is abdominal hernia. A knot in lower left abdomen is usually indicative of abdominal hernia. A person affected with abdominal hernia will find that the lump disappears when lying down. Abdominal hernia is usually present at birth, although, it can develop later in life. Anything that causes pressure on the abdominal cavity can bring on abdominal hernia. These include obesity, strenuous coughing, heavy lifting, straining during a bowel movement etc. Hernia upper left abdomen should be repaired medically as soon as it is detected to avoid any further complications. It is vital to keep in mind that although repaired, you should avoid any activities that may cause a recurrence of the hernia.

Crohn’s Disease

Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory disease that causes ulcerations in the intestines. This can be in the small or large intestines. The cause of this disease is not known. Symptoms of Crohn’s disease include diarrhea, weight loss, abdominal pain, rectal bleeding and in the cases of Crohn’s terminal ileitis and Crohn’s enterocolitis and ileocolitis, a knot in lower left abdomen. There is no known cure for Crohn’s disease. Therefore, the goal of treatment is mostly restricted to improving the quality of life. This is done by inducing remission and maintaining it.

Diverticulitis

A lump in abdomen left side is also caused by diverticulitis. Diverticulitis occurs when diverticula that reside in the digestive tract become inflamed. Diverticulitis can occur anywhere in the digestive system but is most often present in the large intestine. This condition is usually asymptomatic unless inflamed. This will result in abdominal cramps, nausea, fever, rectal bleeding etc. Inflammation can also cause peritonitis. This is a condition where the peritoneum is affected that causes the colon contents to spill out into the abdominal cavity. This is life threatening and should be treated medically without fail.

Ovarian Cancer

Sometimes, women might find that there are cysts in their ovaries. This is very common in women aged below 30. These cysts might be malignant. A family history of ovarian cancer puts you at risk of having ovarian cancer. Although there are very few symptoms associated with ovarian cancer, one salient feature includes abdominal swelling. This is due to fluid accumulation caused by cancer. However, sometimes abdominal swelling can also be caused due to the growth of the malignant cyst. If you are tired all the time, need to urinate often and find it difficult to breathe easily this could be due to ovarian cancer. However, it needs to be mentioned, that these symptoms, could also be due to a less frightening cause. If diagnosed with ovarian cancer, chemotherapy or radiation therapy should be chosen for treating the condition and containing the spread of malignant cells.

When you identify a lump in abdomen left side or right side, it should be diagnosed by a medical practitioner immediately. This is irrespective of whether the lump is due to hernia upper left abdomen or any other condition. Timely diagnosis and treatment will help prevent complications that arise from negligence.