Lump on Penis
It is not uncommon for a man to worry when he discovers a lump on penis. Most lumps and bumps anywhere in the body are immediately suspected as a cancerous growth. However, there are other causes for abnormal swelling of the penis and hence, you need not get overly anxious at the mere sight of such a lump. However, it is always recommended seeking medical advice if any lumps or bumps are detected, since, ruling out cancer and seeking the appropriate treatment is important.
Causes for Lumps on Penis
There are several causes for lumpy growths on the penis. Most of these are treatable and should not be cause for worry. However, without proper medical attention and treatment, these lumps and bumps may lead to unnecessary aggravations.
Paraphimosis – Paraphimosis occurs in uncircumcised men. This occurs when the foreskin of the penis does not return to its original position and gets stuck to the head of the penis. This can occur due to the non-return of the skin after cleaning, sexual intercourse or medical examinations. The swelling of the penis head is usually red and swollen and looks like a lump. It will be painful to the touch. The swelling causes a constriction to the penal glands resulting in abnormal or insufficient blood flow to the affected area. Loss of blood will cause gangrene to set in. If paraphimosis is not treated in the early stages, it can lead to amputation of the affected area.
Fordyce Spots – If you feel small, yellowish-white elevated bumps on penile shaft you may have Fordyce spots. This is a benign dermatological condition that greatly resembles a rash you may get due to a sexually transmitted disease. The raised sebaceous glands on the skin of the penile shaft can be very prominent and may cause embarrassment to the person affected. This however is a skin condition that most often does not require treatment.
Sebaceous Cysts – Sebaceous cysts are noncancerous, cysts that form in the outer layer of the skin (epidermis). A sebaceous cyst forms due to a blockage of the sebaceous gland. This causes sebum (fatty, white substance) to collect in a sac. If you see a pale lump on penis that is painless and movable under the skin, it is most often caused by a sebaceous cyst. Although sebaceous cysts are generally harmless, there are times when it can become infected. This causes the affected area to inflame, become red, swollen, tender and painful. Treatment for infected cysts requires corticosteroid injections. Uninfected cysts do not require treatment.
Genital Warts – Genital warts are caused by certain types of the human pappiloma virus (HPV). This is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases. Genital warts are not restricted to only men. It can occur in females too. Small or large lumps and bumps on penile shaft and penis head are common symptoms of genital warts. They can be clumped together and are often painless. Symptoms of genital warts do not appear till several months or years after being infected, and some may not experience symptoms at all. However, if you are sexually active it is necessary to obtain regular physical examinations and practice safe sex to avoid infecting others with this virus.
Molluscum Contagiosum – This is a viral infection that causes wart-like lump on penile shaft. It is not restricted to one lump. These lumps are usually skin coloured and are soft and smooth. It is caused by the molluscom contagiousum virus that thrives in warm places. It is spread through contact with skin, towels, clothing and bedding. It is also spread between sexual partners. An experienced doctor will at once diagnose molluscum contagiosum by examining the lump on penile shaft.
While every lump on penis does not necessarily signify penile cancer, they are certainly caused by some other disease or an abnormal condition. Although penile cancer is a very rare; a lump on the genital areas should always be checked out medically so that your worries can be put to rest, from the very beginning. However, you should not ignore any lump as a benign condition since it is abnormal to have such lumps and growths in any part of the body.