Lump on Tongue

Medically, there is no shortage of factors to explain what causes bumps on the tongue, as they are all, ultimately, linked back to the kind of bumps you have. In this article, we will focus on just two particular types of bump that are commonly observed: Black Hairy Tongue, and Sore Bumpy Tongue.

Black Hairy Tongue

Although it takes on an unflattering appearance, this condition is usually known as being benign. It generally does not create problems but it could potentially lead to subsequent infection. The papillae, or the lumps you find on the tongue surface, just won't disappear. They will keep on growing and at some point, some might have survived long enough to turn into excessively long structures, invariably black in color, which is where the description 'black hairy tongue' comes from. Under such conditions, the risk of your tongue becoming a hotbed for bacteria is bound to be amplified.

The good news is that this condition is strictly associated with people who do not practice good dental hygiene. In other words, if you have been doing your part to maintain your dental health (brushing regularly, flossing, going to a dentist for check ups), you are not likely to fall victim to black hairy tongue. However, it has also been associated with patients who are undergoing chemotherapy or on antibiotics. There are also evidence that links diabetic people with having black hairy tongue.

Sore Bumpy Tongue

As the name implies, this describes a tongue that is infested with bumps and they are usually accompanied with pain. Some known sore tongue causes are:

  • Traumatic experience. Obviously when you accidentally bite your tongue or scald it with something hot, a sore feeling will follow until the condition recovers. Often, certain actions like grinding or clenching your teeth could exert extra pressure onto the sides of the tongue and cause pain.
  • Smoking. Tobacco can inflict excessive irritation onto your tongue and cause it to become sore.
  • Canker sores. This is a kind of mouth ulcer that grows on the tongue. For some unknown reason, most people get this form of mouth ulcer sooner or later. Also, the pain can intensify according to the degree of stress you are being put under.
  • Burning tongue syndrome. This is a condition usually connected with some post-menopausal women; it causes a burning sensation on the tongue of affected women.
  • Enlarged papillae. When irritation or inflammation is observed on your taste buds, the resultant swollen bumps will invariably inflict pain on your tongue.
  • Pre-existing health conditions. Some medical disorders tend to manifest themselves in the form of sore tongue. Conditions that are known to exhibit this as a symptom include anemia and diabetes.
  • Oral tumor. The chance of developing an oral cancer following sore tongue is really slim. While general sore tongue would not cause any serious trouble, if you have been stuck with it for a couple of weeks, it is advisable for you to seek a consultation with a doctor. Not all oral cancers inflict serious pain during the gestation period, so it is always safe to pay attention to it only when your condition warrants it.